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Schools that assess and improve capacity support, implement strategies to improve student wellbeing and reduce bullying are helping to ensure that their actions are effective, sustainable and system-wide. Sufficient leadership, organisational support, resources, staff professional learning and strategy compatibility with school needs are crucial to optimise impact.

The success of any reform is dependent on not only the strategies or practices, but also how well they are implemented. Even if the practices are evidence-based and found to be effective, it is not sufficient to ensure positive outcomes for students in every school. The what  – initiative-driven activities – plus strategies that support how these activities will be implemented increases the chance of positive and sustainable outcomes for students.

School interventions that aim to reduce bullying behaviours require successful implementation to be effective and sufficient capacity to enable this implementation. The diagram below shows the elements considered key in building school capacity to implement bullying prevention programs.
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The development of positive social skills and the prevention of bullying behaviours is a whole-school issue. However, little change will occur unless staff, students and families have an understanding of what has happened previously in the school to reduce bullying, and how successful this has been. Based on this knowledge, school leaders can engage the whole-school community to set actions and assemble resources to achieve change.